\ \ [18] Latin camera originally meant ‘vaulted room’ (a sense preserved in the Radcliffe Camera, an 18th-century building housing part of Oxford University library, which has a vaulted roof). It came from Greek kamárāvault, arch’, which is ultimately related to English chimney. In due course the meaning ‘vaulted room’ became weakened to simply ‘room’, which reached English, via Old French chambre, as chamber, and is preserved in the legal Latin phrase in cameraprivately, in judge’s chambers’.
\ \ In the 17th century, an optical instrument was invented consisting of a small closed box with a lens fixed in one side which produced an image of external objects on the inside of the box. The same effect could be got in a small darkened room, and so the device was called a camera obscuradark chamber’. When the new science of photography developed in the 19th century, using the basic principle of the camera obscura, camera was applied to the picture-forming box.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • cameră — CÁMERĂ, camere, s.f. I. 1. Încăpere într o clădire; odaie. ♢ Cameră mobilată = cameră care se închiriază cu mobila proprietarului. Cameră de lucru = birou într o casă particulară. Muzică de cameră = compoziţie muzicală pentru un număr restrâns de …   Dicționar Român

  • Camera — Caméra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caméra (danse). La caméra est un appareil de prise de vues animées, pour le cinéma, la télévision ou la vidéo, professionnelle ou grand public. Le terme « caméra » est issu du latin camera (en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CAMERA — (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America)  «Комитет за точность освещения в Америке событий на Ближнем Востоке». Американская некоммерческая произраильская организация, осуществляющая наблюдение за прессой. Создана в 1982… …   Википедия

  • camera (1) — {{hw}}{{camera (1)}{{/hw}}o (gener.) Camera nel sign. 6 s. f. 1 Locale d abitazione in un edificio: camera da pranzo, da letto; SIN. Stanza. 2 (per anton.) Camera da letto | Fare la –c, metterla in ordine | Veste da –c, indumento che si indossa… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • camera — / kamera/ s.f. [lat. camĕra, camăra volta, soffitto a volta di una stanza , gr. kamára ]. 1. a. (archit.) [ambiente interno di un abitazione; locale che compone un appartamento] ▶◀ ambiente, locale, stanza, vano. ‖ sala. ● Espressioni: camera da… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Camera — Cam e*ra, n.; pl. E. {Cameras}, L. {Camerae}. [L. vault, arch, LL., chamber. See {Chamber}.] A chamber, or instrument having a chamber. Specifically: The {camera obscura} when used in photography. See {Camera}, and {Camera obscura}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • camera — [kam′ər ə, kam′rə] n. pl. cameras; also for CAMERA 1, camerae [kam′ər ē΄] [L camera, vault < Gr kamara, vaulted chamber < IE base * kam , to arch] 1. a chamber; specif., the private office of a judge 2. short for CAMERA OBSCURA 3. [ …   English World dictionary

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