\ \ [13] Latin vacāre meant ‘be empty’. Its present participle vacāns has provided English with vacant, while its past participle lies behind English vacate [17] and vacation [14]. It also formed the basis of an adjective vacuusempty’, from which English gets vacuous [17] and vacuum [16] (the term vacuum cleaner is first recorded in 1903, and the consequent verb vacuum in 1922). English avoid and void come from a variant of Latin vacāre.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • vacant — vacant, ante [ vakɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • 1207; lat. vacans, p. prés. de vacare « être vide » 1 ♦ Qui n a pas de titulaire. « Ces trônes déclarés vacants » (Chateaubriand). Poste vacant. « J ai sollicité la place de préparateur actuellement vacante »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vacant — Va cant, a. [F., fr. L. vacans, antis, p. pr. of vacare to be empty, to be free or unoccupied, to have leisure, also vocare; akin to vacuus empty, and probably to E. void. Cf. {Evacuate}, {Void}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. Deprived of contents; not… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vacant — va‧cant [ˈveɪkənt] adjective 1. PROPERTY property that is vacant is not being used and may be available to rent or buy: • The committee recommended that factories should be sited on vacant land in small towns rather than in villages or the open… …   Financial and business terms

  • vacant — vacant, ante (va kan, kan t ) adj. 1°   Qui n est pas occupé, qui est à remplir. Maison vacante. •   N est un siége vacant au premier qui l occupe, RÉGNIER Sat. x. •   Idoménée, persuadé par Mentor, se hâta de distribuer les terres vacantes, FÉN …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • vacant — VACÁNT, Ă, vacanţi, te, adj. 1. (Despre posturi, funcţii etc.) Care nu este ocupat de nimeni, fără titular; liber. 2. (jur.; despre succesiuni) Care este disponibil şi nereclamat de moştenitori. – Din fr. vacant, lat. vacans, ntis. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • vacant — Vacant, [vac]ante. adj. verb. Vuide, qui est à remplir. Il se dit proprement des emplois, charges, dignitez, &c. Le saint Siege estoit vacant. cette charge est vacante. il y a plusieurs Abbayes vacantes. Benefice vacant par mort, par crime. cela… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vacant — va·cant adj 1: not filled or occupied 2 a: not put to use vacant land b: having no heir or claimant a vacant estate Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • vacant — [vā′kənt] adj. [OFr < L vacans, prp. of vacare, to be empty] 1. having nothing in it, as a space; devoid of contents; empty; void 2. not held, filled, or occupied, as a position or office 3. having no occupant [a vacant seat] 4. untenanted, as …   English World dictionary

  • vacant — (adj.) late 13c., from O.Fr. vacant, from L. vacantem (nom. vacans), prp. of vacare to be empty (see VAIN (Cf. vain)). Related: Vacantly …   Etymology dictionary

  • vacant — vacant, e adj. Sans le sou : Je suis vacant …   Dictionnaire du Français argotique et populaire

  • vacant — [adj1] empty; unoccupied abandoned, available, bare, clear, deserted, devoid, disengaged, free, idle, not in use, stark, tenantless, to let, unemployed, unengaged, unfilled, uninhabited, unlived in, untaken, untenanted, unused, void, without… …   New thesaurus

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