\ \ [OE] A stirrup is etymologically a ‘climbing rope’. The word goes back to a prehistoric Germanic compound formed from the base *stig- ‘climb’ (source also of English stair and stile) and *raipaz (ancestor of English rope). The earliest stirrups were looped pieces of rope.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • Stirrup — Stir rup, n. [OE. stirop, AS. stigr[=a]p; st[=i]gan to mount, ascend + r[=a]p a rope; akin to G. stegreif a stirrup. [root]164. See {Sty}, v. i., and {Rope}.] 1. A kind of ring, or bent piece of metal, wood, leather, or the like, horizontal in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stirrup — O.E. stigrap, lit. climbing rope, from stige a climbing, ascent (from P.Gmc. *stigaz climbing; see STAIR (Cf. stair)) + rap (see ROPE (Cf. rope)). Originally a looped rope as a help for mounting. Gmc. cognates include O.N. stigreip, O.H.G.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • stirrup — [stʉr′əp, stir′əp] n. [ME stirop < OE stigrap, akin to Ger stegreif: for IE bases see STILE2 & ROPE] 1. a ring with a flat bottom hung by a strap, usually on each side of a saddle and used as a footrest in mounting and riding 2. any of various …   English World dictionary

  • stirrup — ► NOUN 1) each of a pair of devices attached at either side of a horse s saddle, in the form of a loop with a flat base to support the rider s foot. 2) (also lithotomy stirrups) a pair of metal supports for the ankles used during gynaecological… …   English terms dictionary

  • Stirrup — For the bone, see stapes. For other uses of the word stirrup, see Stirrup (disambiguation). The stirrup is a ring with a flat bottom fixed on a leather strap, usually hung from each side of a saddle by an adjustable strap to create a footrest for …   Wikipedia

  • stirrup — noun VERB + STIRRUP ▪ adjust ▪ rise in, stand in, stand up in ▪ She stood up in her stirrups to see where the others had gone. STIRRUP + NOUN ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • stirrup — n. 1 each of a pair of devices attached to each side of a horse s saddle, in the form of a loop with a flat base to support the rider s foot. 2 (attrib.) having the shape of a stirrup. 3 (in full stirrup bone) = STAPES. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Stirrup — This very unusual surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and has two possible sources. Firstly, it may be from a metonymic occupational name for a maker of stirrup irons or stirrup leathers (or both), derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century… …   Surnames reference

  • stirrup — Bridle iron Bri dle i ron (Arch.) A strong flat bar of iron, so bent as to support, as in a stirrup, one end of a floor timber, etc., where no sufficient bearing can be had; called also {stirrup} and {hanger}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stirrup — noun Etymology: Middle English stirop, from Old English stigrāp, from stig (akin to Old High German stīgan to go up) + rāp rope more at stair, rope Date: before 12th century 1. either of a pair of small light frames or rings for receiving the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • stirrup — UK [ˈstɪrəp] / US noun [countable] Word forms stirrup : singular stirrup plural stirrups 1) a metal object that supports your foot when you ride a horse 2) a thing that is used for supporting your foot, for example when giving birth 3) a band of… …   English dictionary

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