mate

mate
\ \ [14] Matefriend’ and mate the chess term are two distinct words. The former was borrowed from Middle Low German mate or gematecompanion’ (source also of Dutch maat), which goes back to a prehistoric West Germanic *gamaton. This was formed from the collective prefix *ga- and *mat- ‘measure’, which was also the source of English meat; so etymologically mate (like companion) is ‘someone you eat with or share your food with’.
\ \ The chess term mate comes from Old French matdead’. This was short for eschec mat (source of English checkmate), which comes from Persian shāh mātthe king is dead’. Persian mātdead’ also contributed the verb matarkill’ to Spanish, from which was derived matador [17], literally ‘killer’.
\ \ Cf.MEAT; MAT, MATADOR, MATTE

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • maté — maté …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Mate — Mate …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Mate — Strauch Mate Strauch, (Ilex paraguariensis), Illustration. Systematik Asteriden Euasteriden II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maté — Mate Strauch Mate Strauch, (Ilex paraguariensis), Illustration. Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpollen Zweikeimblättrige (Ros …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MATE — MATE …   Википедия

  • maté — [ mate ] n. m. • 1716; mati 1633; hispano amér. mate, du quechua mati ♦ Variété de houx qui croît en Amérique du Sud et dont les feuilles torréfiées et pulvérisées fournissent, infusées dans l eau chaude, une boisson stimulante. ⇒ thé (du Brésil) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mate — puede referirse: al mate (Lagenaria siceraria), especie de calabaza; al mate, una infusión de yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) común del Cono Sur sudamericano; al mate cocido, una variante de la infusión llamada mate; al mate de coca, infusión o… …   Wikipedia Español

  • mate — s. m. [Antigo] Espécie de quilate com que se avaliava a pureza do ouro em Malaca.   ‣ Etimologia: inglês matte mate s. m. 1.  [Botânica] Planta ilicácea da América do Sul. = CONGONHA, ERVA MATE 2. Folha dessa planta, geralmente seca e preparada… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Mate — Mate, n. [Perhaps for older make a companion; cf. also OD. maet companion, mate, D. maat. Cf. {Make} a companion, {Match} a mate.] 1. One who customarily associates with another; a companion; an associate; any object which is associated or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Máté — ist als eine ungarische Form des Namens Matthias ein männlicher Vorname,[1] der auch als Familienname vorkommt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • maté — maté, ée 1. (ma té, tée) part. passé de mater1. Qui a reçu un échec et mat. Maté dès les premiers coups.    Fig. Qui a perdu force et ressort. Maté par l adversité. maté 2. (ma té) s. m. Herbe du Paraguay (voy. houx). SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE 2 …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”