\ \ [14] During, like durable [14], durance [15], duration [14], duress, and endure [14], comes ultimately from the Latin adjective dūrushard’. This goes back to an earlier *drūros, which is related to Irish dronsolid’, Lithuanian drūtasstrong, solid’, and Sanskrit dāruna- ‘strong, hard’, and links with Irish dauroak’ (a possible relative of druid) and Greek drusoak’ suggest that its original underlying meaning was ‘oak wood’, from which ‘hard’ developed as a metaphorical extension. The Latin verb dūrāre meant originally literally ‘harden’, but this widened (perhaps with memories of an underlying sense ‘strong, resilient’) to ‘continue in existence, last’. It is these notions of ‘continuance’, ‘strength’, and ‘perseverance’ that emerge in different proportions in durable, duration, and endure, and indeed in during, which is a translation of Old French durant, the present participle of durerlast’: phrases such as ‘during the day’ mean etymologically ‘as long as the day lasts’. Durance, an archaic term for ‘imprisonment’, originally denoted ‘length of sentence’, and so is virtually equivalent to the modern ‘for the duration’.

Word origins - 2ed. . 2005.

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  • During — Dur ing, prep. [Orig., p. pr. of dure.] In the time of; as long as the action or existence of; as, during life; during the space of a year. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • during — late 14c., durand, prp. of obsolete verb duren to last, endure (mid 13c.), from O.Fr. durer, from L. durare endure. During the day really is while the day endures, and the usage is a transference into English of a Latin ablative absolute (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • during — [door′iŋ, dyoor′iŋ, dʉr′iŋ] prep. [ME duringe, prep., orig. prp. of duren, ENDURE] 1. throughout the entire time of; all through [food was scarce during the war] 2. at some point in the entire time of; in the course of [he left during the… …   English World dictionary

  • during — index ad interim Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • during — [prep] concurrently with an activity, event all along, all the while, amid, as, at the same time as, at the time, for the time being, in the course of, in the interim, in the meanwhile, in the middle of, in the time of, meanwhile, mid, midst,… …   New thesaurus

  • during — ► PREPOSITION 1) throughout the course or duration of. 2) at a particular point in the course of. ORIGIN from obsolete dure last, endure , from Latin durare to last …   English terms dictionary

  • during — preposition 1 all through a length of time: We didn t see a soul during the holidays. | Children were evacuated to the country during the war. 2 at some point in a period of time: Henry died during the night. | There will be one ten minute… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • during — dur|ing W1S1 [ˈdjuərıŋ US ˈdur ] prep [Date: 1300 1400; Origin: dure to continue in existence (13 19 centuries), from Old French durer, from Latin durare] 1.) from the beginning to the end of a period of time ▪ During the summer she worked as a… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • during — We use during + noun to say when something happens (not how long): during the film (I fell asleep during the film.) during our holiday (We met a lot of interesting people during our holiday.) during the night (The ground is wet. It must have… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • during — [[t]djʊ͟ərɪŋ, AM d ʊrɪŋ[/t]] ♦ 1) PREP If something happens during a period of time or an event, it happens continuously, or happens several times between the beginning and end of that period or event. Sandstorms are common during the Saudi… …   English dictionary

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